Tag Archives: May 21

Jane Addams Dies at 74

Born Laura Jane Addams on September 6, 1860 in Illinois, Jane Addams became one of the most important of the social reformers, Pacifists, and Feminists, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Jane Addams was a co-founder of one of the first settlements in America, the Hull House in Chicago, Illinois. The Hull House provided aid to immigrants and the poor who were residing in Chicago, and offered services like childcare, education, arts and culture, and food.

In 1931, Jane Addams was the co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize with Nicholas Murray Butler, and was the first American woman to have won. Addams was also the first female president of the National Conference of Social Work, the president of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, and the founder of the National Federation of Settlements. Jane Addams, peace activist and social reformer, died on May 21, 1935 at the age of 74.

Sources: Wikipedia, Biography

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American Red Cross Founded

Clara Barton, a 60-year-old teacher, founded the American Red Cross in Washington D.C. on May 21, 1881. After the Civil War, Clara Barton took a trip to Europe where she learned about the global Red Cross network. Barton’s devotion to humanitarian service left her and a close-knit group of associates to institute the American Red Cross.

During her 23 years as the head of the American Red Cross, Clara Barton oversaw aid to the United States military during the Spanish-American War, the inclusion of relief work during times of peace, and the first disaster relief efforts.

Today, the American Red Cross provides education, emergency services, and disaster relief to those in need, and is one of the top contributing humanitarian organizations in the country.

Sources: Red Cross, Wikipedia

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