Niccolo Machiavelli, renowned Renaissance-era Italian historian, politician, and writer, was born in Florence, Italy on May 3, 1469.
During the Medici family exile, Machiavelli worked as a member of the Florentine Republic specializing in handling military and diplomatic matters for 14 years. When the Medici family resumed power in 1512, he was dismissed from his post and imprisoned. Making use of his newly found free time, he authored The Prince, a political guide of sorts to ruthless ruling and cunning. Niccolo Machiavelli died on June 21, 1527.
Today, Machiavelli is considered the father of modern political theory, specifically dealing with ethics in politics. Niccolo also inspired the term Machiavellianism, which means “the employment of cunning and duplicity in statecraft or in general conduct”.