Tag Archives: nobel peace prize

Maria Montessori’s Birthday

Maria Montessori was an Italian physician most known for her development of the educational method that is named after her. Montessori was born into a well-educated family on August 31, 1870 in Chiaravalle, Italy. Challenging gender stereotypes, Montessori graduated from medical school at the University of Rome with high honors, becoming the first female doctor in Italy.

During her time spent teaching at the University of Rome, she treated children from all different socioeconomic backgrounds which led to her interest in early education. This experience allowed her to practice and perfect her different style of teaching on the children that came to the free clinics.

By 1925, there were over 1000 Montessori schools opened in America. The Montessori way encouraged teachers to “follow the child” and use the child’s interests and natural intuition as the guide. Although, interest in Montessori schools declined for a few decades, there was a resurgence and new found interest for the teaching method during the 1960s. Montessori’s work in childhood education led her to receive two nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize. She died in 1952, but her legacy lives on as she was a pioneer in the development of young children.

Sources: Biography, Wikipedia

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Jane Addams Dies at 74

Born Laura Jane Addams on September 6, 1860 in Illinois, Jane Addams became one of the most important of the social reformers, Pacifists, and Feminists, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Jane Addams was a co-founder of one of the first settlements in America, the Hull House in Chicago, Illinois. The Hull House provided aid to immigrants and the poor who were residing in Chicago, and offered services like childcare, education, arts and culture, and food.

In 1931, Jane Addams was the co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize with Nicholas Murray Butler, and was the first American woman to have won. Addams was also the first female president of the National Conference of Social Work, the president of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, and the founder of the National Federation of Settlements. Jane Addams, peace activist and social reformer, died on May 21, 1935 at the age of 74.

Sources: Wikipedia, Biography

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