Tag Archives: President

William Taft Dies at 72

27th President of the United States and 10th Chief Justice, William Howard Taft, died in his home at the age of 72 on March 8, 1930.

William Taft was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on September 15, 1857 into an important political family. Taft attended private school, followed by Yale University (where he was a member of the infamous Skull & Bones club), then graduated from the University of Cincinnati College of Law. Because of his family’s status, he moved up through the political ranks rather quickly.

Taft started out as a county prosecutor, graduated to a state judge position, was appointed to U.S. Solicitor General, and then spent some time in Asia acting as governor general of the Philippines. In 1904, Taft became secretary of war to President Theodore Roosevelt, who persuaded him to run for President during the next election.

Riding the popularity of Theodore Roosevelt, Taft won easily in the election of November 1908 and assumed the presidency on March 4, 1909. While in office, he focused on trust busting, civil service reform, and the economic development of nations in Latin America and Asia. Taft was not reelected for a second presidential term, but was appointed as the 10th Chief Justice of the United States by President Warren G. Harding.

Sources: Wikipedia, Biography

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Andrew Johnson Impeached

On February 24, 1868, the House of Representatives impeached the 17th President of the United States, Andrew Johnson.

Vice President Andrew Johnson succeeded President Abraham Lincoln after he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 15, 1865. Tensions were high during Johnson’s presidency as he and the wing of Radical Republicans continually butted heads on the issue of newly freed slaves and the punishment for Confederate soldiers.

The Radical Republicans wanted to pass Reconstruction legislation that would protect newly freed slaves and create harsh punishments for the Confederates. Johnson, a Southerner through and through, sought more lenient treatment of Confederate soldiers and repeatedly rejected civil rights legislation and financial support to former slaves.

Andrew Johnson was charged based on 11 articles of impeachment including a violation of the Tenure of Office Act. He was impeached by a vote of 126 to 47. Later, the impeachment and trial would come to be known as an act of political convenience rather than requirement.

Andrew Johnson was the only United States President to have been impeached by the House of Representatives until President Bill Clinton 131 years later.

Sources: Wikipedia, PBS

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LBJ Dies at 64

Lyndon Baines Johnson (also known as LBJ) was the 36th President of the United States, serving from 1963-1969. He died of a heart attack at his ranch on January 22, 1973 at the age of 64.

LBJ was born in Stonewall, Texas on August 27, 1908. He began his political career as a representative of the state ofTexasand worked his way up to President of theUnited States. Johnson is one of only four politicians to have served in all four elected federal offices: US Representative, Senator, Vice President, and President.

In the 1960 election, John F. Kennedy selected LBJ as his running mate. When JFK was assassinated in 1963, Johnson assumed the position of President, finishing JFK’s term. He was then reelected as President in 1964.

LBJ is most known for his “Great Society” legislation that supported the civil rights movement, Medicare and Medicaid, environmental protection, and the War on Poverty. He also heightened the presence of American troops in Vietnam, which caused major anti-war protests across the nation.

Sources: Wikipedia, Biography.com

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Inauguration Day

Happy Inauguration Day!

Inauguration Day is when the commencement of a new term of the President of the United States begins, following an oath. Franklin D. Roosevelt was the last president to be sworn in on March 4 in 1933, before the date of inauguration was changed to January 20. Every four years, the President is sworn in to office on January 20, except when that date falls on a Sunday.

If January 20 happens to be a Sunday, there will be a private swearing-in on the 20 and the public ceremony will be held on Monday, January 21. This dates back to President Monroe’s inauguration in 1821, where he decided to hold the ceremony on a Monday because most public offices were closed on Sundays.

Only 6 times in history has Inauguration Day fallen on a Sunday, and January 20, 2013 will be the seventh. Barack Obama will begin his second term as President and be sworn in by the Chief Justice in a private ceremony on Sunday, January 20 then a public ceremony the next day. January 21, 2013 will mark the 57th Presidential Inauguration.

Take a look at the Inauguration Luncheon Menu that will be served on Monday, and don’t forget to check out our Barack Obama 2013 calendar!

Sources: Wikipedia, Senate.gov

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